Thursday, January 30, 2020
United States Dominance After Civil War Essay The American Civil War, also known as the Ã¢â¬Å"War Between the StatesÃ¢â¬ was a war between the Confederate States and the Union. The Confederacy was composed of eleven states which supported slavery, while the Union was comprised of all free American states and five states bordering the slave states. The American Civil War became one of the most important events that led into the emergence of the United States into world dominance. The development of the American nation as a world leader came after a series of events and wars being won. The Civil War all throughout was highlighted by the intense social, political and economic conflicts and differences between Northern and Southern States. The war commenced in about 10,000 states and more than 3 million American people have been involved in it. The years between 1861 to 1865, the war has escalated between American states and resulted to the destruction of peace and unity among fellow Americans. The war made the American nation ironically more oblivious to the concept of freedom and individual rights, given that the civil war was fought on the basis state rights and freedom in America. However, by the end of the Civil War, the American nation took the whole experience as a Ã¢â¬Å"new birth of freedomÃ¢â¬ for the people and the government. And as such, the years following the end of the Civil War marked the start of the American dominance in the international community. America After the Civil War: Unification, Expansion and Industrialization Despite the destruction, the death toll, and the chaos that the Civil War has drawn upon the American society, nonetheless, it has become as one of the focal points for world domination for the United States. The separate states which used to be hostile to one another due to their differences, became a single united and strong nation The end of the war marked the new era of expansionism for the United States of America. Indeed, the start of the 19th century was highlighted by the intensifying of the American expansion. Alongside AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s move to industrialize and urbanize its territory, the American exploration pushed further to the west. In 1803, Louisiana was obtained from the French government; and during the period between 1816 to 1821, a total of six states were added to the American territory. Aside from the westward expansion, in 1865 the American government also took control of eastern states. This westward and eastward expansion of the United States territory became strategically beneficial to the industrialization in the United States. And as such, the strength of the United States industrialization became one of the strongest points of the United States emergence as a world superpower. Although the industrialization in the United States before the Civil War was largely preempted and minimal due to the political and social conflicts of the time, the end of the war and the emergence of the new American society greatly hastened the industrial development in the United States. And despite the fact that industrialization has been an old trend in other advanced countries such as England, Belgium, France, Germany and Japan, the United States transformation was more profound, developed and powerful. In addition to United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ more sophisticated and impressive industrialization, the American government was able to carefully and strategically utilize its unique advantage over its colonies and among those less developed and powerful countries. The American government used its sphere of influence in order to drive economic advantages and power towards them. Moreover, the United States territory, given the vastness of its newly acquired areas and colonies were greatly endowed with raw natural resources that once tapped, can be used to generate a large amount of benefits and profits. The states acquired by the United States became its focal points of industrialization, modernization and development. Some of these states served as main centers for finance, manufacturing and commerce. Other states were also suitable for agricultural growth and revolution in the transportation sector. In addition to these developments, the wave of immigrants between 1840 to 1860 also strengthened manpower stability in the country. As such, by the end of this period of expansionism and industrialization, the United States emerged as one of the most successful countries in the world. The American government grew extremely confident of the stability of their economic, political and military strength. In addition, the wide sphere of influence that it was able to establish became one of the assets that qualified United States as one of the strongest country in the world. Threats to American Power and Leadership A series of American war involvement has been etched in the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s history. And as such, each war wherein the American nation has took part in signified a threat against the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ dominance. The First and Second World War, though commenced between a large gap that went for years were fought on almost same reasons. Economic imperialism, military conflicts, trade barriers, proliferation of weapons, political rivalries and balance of power were among the main cause of the first and second world wars. During these wars, the world was divided into two spheres. And of which, both wars were won distinctively by the side that the United States has taken. The victorious emergence of the United States and its allies in these wars has further established its government as one of the strongest leaders in the world. During the Second World War in particular, the victory of the United States, the Soviet Union and their allies became the closest call to the American dominance. At the end of the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as two world leaders, and as such, became the pillars for balance of power. The end of the Second World War and the emergence of two dominant states resulted to another series of conflicts and hostility. After the Second World War, the Cold War commenced and a series of indirect confrontations took place between the United States and the Soviet bloc. The Cold War served as a proxy war between the two states wherein instead of a direct confrontation, their allies became more involved in the war. The Cold War became the measure of stability, leadership and influence of the two world superpowers. Political ideology became the main focus of the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet bloc. During this period, the American government was largely threatened by the spread of communist ideology within the European states. As such, the antagonism between capitalism and communism became the root of the conflict between the two states. In addition to this antagonism, nuclear arms race, espionage, economic rivalry and the Cuban missile crisis were among the issues that further intensified the conflict. Despite the absence of direct confrontation between the Americans and the Soviet bloc, the outcome of the Cold War still became one of the most important factor in the emergence of a lone world superpower. As such, by the end of the Cold War, the Soviet bloc disintegrated and the communist ideology became less influential. Although the American government and its allies were not successful in fully containing the communist ideology, the Soviet disintegration became a step to weaken communist states. In addition, the disintegration of the Soviet bloc marked the end of the Cold War. And the triumphant emergence of the United States in the Cold War automatically rendered the United States as the lone world superpower. United States in the Present Era Following the end of the Cold War and the demise of the biggest threat to United States leadership, the American government is now considered as the lone hegemonic power in the world. The establishment of international organizations such as the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Center to name a few, strengthened the American hold on world dominance and leadership. In the present generation, the most probable threat against the American government is the current proliferation of terrorist organizations posting terrorist activities that might induce chaos and fear amongst the citizens. However, despite these threats and current economic and political dilemma experienced by the American nation, United States still stands as one of the strongest, influential and stable countries in the international community. Bibliography AE Television Networks. Ã¢â¬Å"The American Civil War.Ã¢â¬ History.com. (2008). Database on-line. Available from http://www.history.com/minisites/civilwar/ (accessed October 10, 2008). American Information Resource Center. Ã¢â¬Å"History of the United States.Ã¢â¬ The United States Diplomatic Mission to Poland. (n.d). Database on-line. Available from http://www.usinfo.pl/aboutusa/history/slavery.htm (accessed October 10, 2008). Burns, Ken. Ã¢â¬Å"The Crossroads of Our Being.Ã¢â¬ The Civil War. (2002). Database on-line. Available from http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/war/ (accessed October 10, 2008). Mabry, Donald J. Ã¢â¬Å"Triumph of Industry in the United States.Ã¢â¬ Historical Text Archive. (2008). Database on-line. Available from http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticleartid=597 (accessed October 10, 2008). Nosotro, Rit. Ã¢â¬Å"The Cold War.Ã¢â¬ HyperHistory. (n.d). Database on-line. Available from http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/essays/big/w30coldwar.htm (accessed October 10, 2008).
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Dr. Jonas Salk An American hero once said, "Many wise individuals have had no formal education.... They possess a powerful intuitive faculty and are able to learn from experience, from what they observe" (Pamplin, Jr. and Eisler 127). Although not entirely indicative of his own past, this American hero was Dr. Jonas Salk and he believed that education was not always the key to success. The great innovator believed that the answers to life are often found in an individual's experiences rather than buried among the pages of a textbook. Indeed, the ideas that formed the foundation of Salk's greatest accomplishmentÃ¢â¬âthe first effective polio vaccineÃ¢â¬âwere not found in any fancy college textbook, but came to light because he did not believe that some established scientific theories were the only way that problems could be solved. More specifically, as a young medical student in 1936 sitting in a lecture for a course entitled Bacteriology and Immunology, Salk recalls an experience that altere d the course of his life (Sherrow 31): I remember very vividly all the details about where I was sitting and what was happening, almost as if the light was turned on and everything became clear....We were told that one could immunize against diphtheria and tetanus. In the next lecture, we were told it was not possible to immunize with a chemically treated or noninfectious (killed) virus vaccine, so that struck me as rather odd. How could both statements be true? And I remember the answer we were given was that the cells of the inoculated individual that were involved in a virus infection had to go through the experience of the infection itself. Why should that be, when the cells going through that experience were thus destroyed? How could that immunize cells that did not experience infection? Something's wrong here, I thought. For me, what came together was the question: Is it true you need a live virus for a safe, effective vaccine? And if it's not true, then what can be done with viruses, as can be done with a toxin, to render them harmless while retaining their effectiveness for immunization? This encounter stayed with Salk throughout his life and helped to determine the path along which he would conduct his life's work. As stated in the opening quote, this intuitive ability that he possessed did not come from spending hours learning from his textbooks, but simply came from the ordinary experience of attending a lecture for class.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Topic 1 Investigating History Ã¢â¬ ¢ interpret and construct time lines Ã¢â¬ ¢ define the terms that describe historical periods of time Ã¢â¬ ¢ the terminology and concepts of historical time, including year, decade, generation, century, age, BC/AD, BCE/CE Ã¢â¬ ¢ sequence societies and events within specific periods of time Ã¢â¬ ¢ ask historical questions Ã¢â¬ ¢ distinguish between fact and opinion Ã¢â¬ ¢ draw some conclusions about the usefulness of sources including a website Ã¢â¬ ¢ examine differing historical perspectives and interpretations Ã¢â¬ ¢ explain cause and effect Ã¢â¬ ¢ identify significant people of the pastÃ Ã¢â¬ ¢ examine the motives for people. s actions in the past Ã¢â¬ ¢ the process of historical inquiry: . Fact and opinion . Ã¢â¬ ¢ the usefulness of sources as evidence including a website . Ã¢â¬ ¢ differing perspectives . cause and effect . history as the study of people Ã¢â¬ ¢ explain the consequences of people. s actions Ã¢â¬ ¢ describe some aspects of family/community heritage Ã¢â¬ ¢ heritage issues Ã¢â¬ ¢ appreciate the value of preserving and conserving our heritage Ancient Egypt Ã¢â¬ ¢ the origins of the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ identify the origins of the society or historical period Ã¢â¬ ¢ daily life of men and women in the society or periodÃ Ã¢â¬ ¢ describe how both men and women lived in the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ Civics and citizenship in the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ describe the way in which the people of the society or period were governed Ã¢â¬ ¢ describe the rights and freedoms of different groups in the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ beliefs and values of the people of the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ explain the beliefs and values of the society Ã¢â¬ ¢ impact of significant people and/or events Ã¢â¬ ¢ explain the impact made by significant people and/or events on the society or period Ã¢â¬ ¢ contacts with other peoples Ã¢â¬ ¢ outline the contacts that the society had with other peoples.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The movie The Blindside was written by Jon Hancock based on true life events about the Baltimore Ravens NFL player named Michael Oher. Oher was a poor African American teenager, whose mother was a drug addict, and was taken away from his mother as a child. Michael jumped from foster home to foster home. Until one day when his life was going to change for the best. A white family called the Tuohy s saw the need to take Michael in their home. Leigh Anne and Sean Tuohy sooner became his legal guardians and the story is about how his life improves while playing football at Wingate high school an all-white school in Tennessee. It shows him struggling with his academics, color, appearance, but Michael overcame the fight. With Michael sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Facial expressions are probably the most observed part of the human body when we communicate mentioned in the natural bridges book. In this movie, the second a communication skill that was displayed is intercultural communication. Race plays a vast part of Michael and his new lifestyle. Being that he is African American and his adoptive family is white, both coming from different economic and social classes. When he was seen unfortunately the white community frowned upon him. Especially when Michael arrives at his new school he was not kindly greeted or welcomed. He felt like he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t belong there or maybe saw him as a bad person because of her color. Another scene that exemplifies this skill is when Leigh goes looking for Michael in his old hometown where Michaels mother lived. She comes across the thug Alton and is asked if her son Michael was here. He replied and he said, yeah last night and he better sleep with one eye opened. She proceeds and then Alton called her an awful name and she came back and said, you threaten me so as the cross into the downtown you will be sorry. As one can see with both e xamples confirms how the separation of races and cultures played. Mentioned in chapter two perception culture is how one was raised to perceive the world. In this case, the whites and blacks didn t see eye to eye. Towards the end of the movie, both races appreciated and accepted one another. I believe having Michael there